The practical application of strategic environmental assessment (SEA) is becoming increasingly common. A growing number of SEAs are being undertaken around the world, and several countries have issued guidance on how these should be carried out. However, few countries as yet have formal SEA regulations, and few completed SEAs have demonstrated all the elements of current best practice. The Practice of Strategic Environmental Assessment aims to provide a unique analysis of SEAs which have been undertaken, drawing on a variety of methods and circumstances to illustrate how best practice can be achieved, and providing inspiration for those considering studying, commission or carrying out an SEA. Part I sets the rest of the book in context, giving a review of international SEA guidance and regulations, and discussing models and methodologies. Part II then analyses a comprehensive set of case studies from countries which have extensive experience in SEA, or which provide particularly good examples. The case studies are discussed in three sections ? sectoral SEAs, SEAs of land-use plans and SEAs of policies ? and provide examples of different scales and approaches, as well as country-specific experience. The final chapter draws out some constraints to effective SEA, as well as positive themes which show how effective SEA can contribute to wider environmental assessment. Written by an international team of SEA practitioners and experts, this volume will be of particular use to students of environmental policy and management, environmental consultants, local authorities, policy-makers and anyone involved in the commissioning, process or review of SEAs.
Table of Contents
Author Information Acknowledgements List of Acronyms List of Illustrations Part I: Background Introduction - Riki Th rivel and Maria Ros rio Partid rio Definitions Interest groups in SEA Need for SEA Limitations of SEA SEA in PPP Decision-Making Framework for, and Overview of, the Case Studies SEA Regulations and Guidelines Worldwide - Maria Ros rio Partid rio Introduction Evolving Approaches Most Significant Contributions to SEA Regulations and Guidelines Conclusions SEA Methodology in Practice- Riki Th rivel Setting Objectives and Targets Identifying Alternative PPPs Describing the PPP Scoping Establishing Environmental Indicators Describing the Baseline Environment Predicting Impacts Evaluating Impacts and Comparing Alternatives Mitigation Monitoring Conclusions Part II: Sectoral SEAs SEA of Wind Farms in the Soest District (and Other German SEAs - Volker Kleinschmidt and Dieter Wagner Introduction Background Methodological Starting Point Characteristics of Wind Power Installations Results and Conclusions Other SEA Research and Pilot Projects in Germany Conclusions and Prospects SEA of an Environmental Restoration and Waste Management Programme, US - J Warren Webb and Lorene L Sigal Introduction Institutional Framework The NEPA Process Methodology Evidence of Current and Future Effectiveness of SEA The Influence of SEA on Decision-Making SEA Constraints and Opportunities SEA of the Trans-European Transport Networks - Ann Dom The Development of the Trans-European Transport Networks: Integrating Environmental Concerns SEA of the European High Speed Rail Network Alternatives and Scenarios Considered SEA Methodology Baseline Data Main Findings of the SEA Dissemination of Results, Public Consultation and the SEAs Role in Decision-Making Further Development and Recommendations SEA of the Dutch Ten-Year Programme on Waste Management - Rob Verheem Introduction Institutional Framework and SEA Procedure Methodology Used in the SEA Discussion SEA of the Bara Forest Management Plan, Nepal - Ram Khadka, John McEachern, Olavi Rautianen, and Uttam S Shrestha Introduction The Proposed Operational Forest Management Plan The Reasons for Undertaking an SEA Baseline Information Predicted Impacts and their Significance Summary of the Analysis Mitigation and Protection Measures Monitoring and Evaluation Preferred Alternatives and Recommendations Part III: Seas of Comprehensive/Area-based Plans SEA of Hertfordshire County Council?s Structure Plan - John Rumble and Riki Th rivel Introduction UK Government Guidance Regarding SEA Background and Scoping The Plan Vision, Aims and Objectives The Formal Environmental Appraisal Issues in Environmental Appraisal SEA Integration with Municipal Comprehensive Land-Use Planning in Sweden - Eva Asplund and Tuija Hilding-Rydevik Introduction The Actions SEA and Planing Legislation in Sweden The Domain of SEA, or Who is the Decision-Maker? Early Integration is the Key to the Full Potential of SEA Alternatives are the Keys to Relevance for Decision-Makers Analysis of Impacts and Comparing Alternatives The Drafts Plans and SEA Reports Reflect the Procedure The Results of the Integrated SEA and Comprehensive Land-Use Planning Process Creating Change Through Dialogue Conclusions SEA of the San Joaquin County General Plan 2010, California, US - Amy Skewes-Cox Introduction The General Plan California Environmental Quality Act Selection Process for EIR Authors Impact Assessment as Related to Planning: ?Did the Cart Come Before the Horse?? Major Impact Issues Alternatives Results and Effectiveness of EIR Conclusions Part IV: SEAs of Policies SEA and the Structural Funds - Kevin Bradley Introduction Structural Funds and Environmental Profiles The SEA Process for Structural Funds SEA of the Irish National Plan Conclusions SEA: A Case Study of Follow-up to Canadian Crop Insurance - Ian Campbell What is crop Insurance? Legislative Situation: Why Was an Environmental Assessment Done? Framework Used for Policy Assessment Purpose and Methodology Results Recommendations Impact of the Assessment Lessons Learned Part V: Conclusions Learning for SEA Practice - Maria Ros rio Partid rio and Riki Th rivel Key Issues in SEA Practice Costs and Benefits of SEA Future Directions for SEA in Practice Conclusion