1st Edition

Liquid State Electronics of Insulating Liquids



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ISBN 9780849344459
Published June 25, 1997 by CRC Press
368 Pages

USD $290.00

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Book Description

Under certain conditions, liquids that usually do not conduct electrical currents become conductors, a phenomenon that is of interest to scientists in several different fields. In Liquid State Electronics of Insulating Liquids, one of the world's leading experts in dielectric liquids discusses the theoretical basis and the experiments on electronic conduction in nonpolar liquids. It provides a sound description of the concepts involved in electronic and ionic charge transport in these liquids.

This text also includes experimental techniques that graduate students, university researchers, and laboratory scientists will all find useful. Data tables provide first-order information on the magnitude of relevant quantities.

Table of Contents

Introduction
Physical and Chemical Properties of Nonpolar Liquids
The Electronic Band Model
Electron Statistics
Electronic Carrier Transport
The Liquid State
The Liquid Structure
Dielectric Properties
Thermophysical Properties
Production and Purification of Liquids
Chemical Structure
Measurement Methods
Introduction
Injection and Emission of Electrons, Holes, or Ions
Clearing Field Methods
AC Conductivity
Time-Resolved Conductivity Methods
Measurement of Hall Mobility
Optical Absorption
Electron Avalanches
Breakdown Measurements
Electron Pulses
Signal Processing
Measurement Cells
Transport Properties of Charge Carriers
Electron Drift Mobility
Hall Mobility
Positive Hole Transport
Ion Mobility
Charge Carrier Recombination
Electron Attachment and Detachment
Positive Charge Transfer
Photodetachment from Negative Ions and Photo-Assisted Electron Diffusion
Optical Absorption of Localized Electrons and of Cations
Geminate Electron/Ion Recombination
Phenomenological Theory of Electron Transport
Photoconductivity
Single Photon-Induced Conductivity in Pure Liquids
Single Photon Ionization of Solutes in Nonpolar Liquids
Multiphoton Effects
Onsager Theory
Radiation-Induced Conductivity
High Energy Radiation and Matter
Low Field Conductivity
High Field Conductivity
Conductivity Induced by High LET Particles
Multi-Ion Pair Theories
Free Ion Yield, Low LET
LET Dependence
Positrons and Positronium
Charge Transfer at Interfaces
Introduction
Photoelectric Effect in Nonpolar Liquids
Ranges of Photoinjected Electrons
Photoinduced Injection of Positive Charge Carriers
Electron Emission from Liquids
Field Emission of Electrons and Field Ionization
Effects of Injection Currents
2D Electrons
V0 Values
Models of Electron Energetics and Dynamics
Models of Electron Transport
Electron Bubbles in Cryogenic Liquids
Hole Transport
Hot Electrons
Thermalization Times of Hot Electrons
Conduction Band Energy V0
Ionic Polarization
Ion Mobility
Electric Breakdown
Introduction
Electron Avalanches
High Field Conduction
DC Breakdown
Impulse Breakdown
Laser-Induced Breakdown
Liquid Ionization Detectors
Liquid Ionization Chambers
Electron Pulse Chambers
Imaging Devices
Liquid Photocathodes
Scintillation
Large Volume Detectors
Electron Lifetime Measurements
Positive Ions and High Radiation Dose
Radiation Hardness
Nonpolar Solids
Solid Rare Gases and Simple Cryogenic Molecular Solids
Organic Solids
Polymers
Concluding Remarks
Index

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Author(s)

Biography

Schmidt\, Werner