2nd Edition

Introduction to the Electronic Properties of Materials





ISBN 9780748760428
Published October 23, 2001 by CRC Press
442 Pages

USD $105.00

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Book Description

Electronic materials provide the basis for many high tech industries that have changed rapidly in recent years. In this fully revised and updated second edition, the author discusses the range of available materials and their technological applications.

Introduction to the Electronic Properties of Materials, 2nd Edition presents the principles of the behavior of electrons in materials and develops a basic understanding with minimal technical detail. Broadly based, it touches on all of the key issues in the field and offers a multidisciplinary approach spanning physics, electrical engineering, and materials science. It provides an understanding of the behavior of electrons within materials, how electrons determine the magnetic thermal, optical and electrical properties of materials, and how electronic properties are controlled for use in technological applications. Although some mathematics is essential in this area, the mathematics that is used is easy to follow and kept to an appropriate level for the reader.

An excellent introductory text for undergraduate students, this book is a broad introduction to the topic and provides a careful balance of information that will be appropriate for physicists, materials scientists, and electrical engineers.

Table of Contents

PART ONE: FUNDAMENTALS OF ELECTRONS IN MATERIALS

PROPERTIES OF A MATERIAL CONTINUUM
Relationships between Macroscopic Properties of Materials
Mechanical Properties
Electircal Properties
Optical Properties
Thermal Properties
Magnetic Properties
Relationships between Various Bulk Properties

PROPERTIES OF ATOMS IN MATERIALS
The Role of Atoms within a Material
The Harmonic Potential Model
Specific Heat Capacity

CONDUCTION ELECTRONS IN MATERIALS - CLASSICAL APPROACH
Electrons as Classical Particles in Materials
Electrical Properties and the Classical Free Electron Model
Thermal Properties and the Classical Free Electron Model
Optical Properties of Metals

CONDUCTION ELECTRONS IN MATERIALS - QUANTUM CORRECTIONS
Electronic Contribution to Specific Heat
Wave Equation for Free Equations
Boundary Conditions: The Sommerfeld Model
Distribution of Electrons Among Allowed Energy Levels
Material Properties Predicted by the Quantum Free Electron Model

BOUND ELECTRONS AND THE PERIODIC POTENTIAL
Models for Describing Electrons in Materials
Solution of the Wave Equation in a One-Dimensional Periodic Square -well Potential
The Origin of Energy Bands in Solids: The Tight-binding Approximation
Energy Bands in a Solid
Reciprocal Space or Wave Vector k-space
Examples of Band Structure Diagrams

PART TWO: PROPERTIES OF MATERIALS

ELECTRONIC PROPERTIES OF METALS
Electrical Conductivity of Metals
Reflectance and Absorption
The Fermi Surface

ELECTRONIC PROPERTIES OF SEMICONDUCTORS
Electron Band Structures of Semiconductors
Intrinsic Semiconductors
Extrinsic (or impurity) Semiconductors
Optical Properties of Semiconductors
Photoconductivity
The Hall Effect
Effective Mass and Mobility of Charge Carriers
Semiconductor Junctions

ELECTRICAL AND THERMAL PROPERTIES OF MATERIALS
Macroscopic Electrical Properties
Quantum-mechanical Description of Conduction Electron Behaviour
Dielectric Properties
Other Effects Caused by Electric Fields, Magnetic Fields and Thermal Gradients
Thermal Properties of Materials
Thermoluminescence

OPTICAL PROERTIES OF MATERIALS
Optical Properties
Interpretation of Optical Properties in Terms of Simplified Electron Band Structure
Band Structure Determination from Optical Spectra
Photoluminescence and Electroluminescence

MAGNETIC PROPERTEIS OF MATERIALS
Magnetism in Materials
Types of Magnetic Materials
Microscopic Classification of Magnetic Materials
Band Electron Theory of Magnetism
The Localized Electron Model of Ferromagnetism
Applications of Magnetic Materials

PART THREE: APPLICATIONS OF ELECTRONIC MATERIALS

MICROELECTRONICS - SEMICONDUCTOR TECHNOLOGY
Use of Materials for Specific Electronic Functions
Semiconductor Materials
Typical Semiconductor Devices
Microelectronic Semiconductor Devices
Future Improvements in Semiconductors

OPTOELECTRONICS - SOLID-STATE OPTICAL DEVICES
Electronic Materials with Optical Functions
Materials for Optoelectronic Devices
Lasers
Fibre Optics and Telecommunications
Flat Panel Displays
Optical Disks for Data Storage

SUPERCONDUCTIITY AND SUPERCONDUCTING MATERIALS
Quantum Effects in Electrical Condutivity
Theories of Superconductivity
High-temperature Superconductors
Applications of Superconductors

MAGNETIC RECORDING
Magnetic Recording Media
Magnetic Recording Heads and the Recording Process
Modelling the Magnetic Recording Process
Magnetic Random Access Memories

ELECTRONIC MATERIALS FOR TRANSDUCERS: SENSORS AND ACTUATORS
Transducers
Transducer Performance Parameters
Transducer Materials Considerations
Ferroelectric Materials
Ferroelectrics as Transducers

SOLUTIONS
SUBJECT INDEX
AUTHOR INDEX

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