Buddhism first came to the West many centuries ago through the Greeks, who also influenced some of the culture and practices of Indian Buddhism. As Buddhism has spread beyond India, it has always been affected by the indigenous traditions of its new homes. When Buddhism appeared in America and Europe in the 1950s and 1960s, it encountered contemporary psychology and psychotherapy, rather than religious traditions. Since the 1990s, many efforts have been made by Westerners to analyze and integrate the similarities and differences between Buddhism and it therapeutic ancestors, particularly Jungian psychology.
Taking Japanese Zen-Buddhism as its starting point, this volume is a collection of critiques, commentaries, and histories about a particular meeting of Buddhism and psychology. It is based on the Zen Buddhism and Psychotherapy conference that took place in Kyoto, Japan, in 1999, expanded by additional papers, and includes:
- new perspectives on Buddhism and psychology, East and West
- cautions and insights about potential confusions
- traditional ideas in a new light.
It also features a new translation of the conversation between Schin'ichi Hisamatsu and Carl Jung which took place in 1958.
Awakening and Insight expresses a meeting of minds, Japanese and Western, in a way that opens new questions about and sheds new light on our subjective lives. It will be of great interest to students, scholars and practitioners of psychotherapy, psychoanalysis, and analytical psychology, as well as anyone involved in Zen Buddhism.
Table of Contents
Continuing a Conversation From East to West. Buddhism and Psychotherapy. Buddhism, Religion and Psychotherapy in the World Today. Jung, Christianity and Buddhism. The Transformation of Human Suffering - A Perspective From Psychotherapy and Buddhism. Zen and Psychotherapy: From Neutrality, Through Relationship, to the Emptying Place. The Jung-Hisamatsu Conversation. A Translation from Aniela Jaffe's Original German Protocol. Jung and Buddhism. What is I? Reflections from Buddhism and Psychotherapy. American Zen and Psychotherapy. An Ongoing Dialogue. Locating Buddhism, Locating Psychology. Buddhism and Psychotherapy in the West. Karma and Individuation: The Boy with No Face. The Consciousness Only School: an Introduction and a Brief Comparison with Jung's Psychology. The Development of Buddhist Psychology in Modern Japan. Coming Home: The Difference it Makes.
Polly Young-Eisendrath is Clinical Associate Professor of Psychiatry at the University of Vermont Medical College and a psychologist and Jungian analyst practicing in central Vermont, USA.
Shoji Muramoto is Professor of Foreign Studies a Kobe City University in Kobe, Japan, and a psychologist.