1st Edition

A History of Fascism, 1914-1945




ISBN 9781857285956
Published September 30, 2003 by Routledge
628 Pages

USD $61.95

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Book Description

Stanely G. payne here presents a full history of fascism in interwar Europe, as well as a survey of fascist theory and postwar fascism.

The author examines all major fascist movements as well as other forms of authoritarian nationalism and provides a comprehensive work on generic fascism to date. The book traces the phenomenon of fascism through the history of ideas, previous political movements, and the events of the First World War. Although the focus is principally fascist Italy and Nazi Germany, the book also gives detailed attention to the Romanian Iron Guard, Franco's Spain, Japan and proto-fascist movements around the globe.

The author explores the reasons for both the limits of fascism's appeal and the historical transcendence of the "fascist era".The inclusion of other forms of authoritarian nationalism lays a foundation for comparative analysis and leads to a more workable definition of authoritarianism.

It should be useful reading for students studying the rise of totalitarianism in twentieth-century Europe and for those concerned about the rise of ultranationalism today.

Table of Contents

Fascism - A Working Definition  Part 1: History: The Cultural Transformation of the Fin de Siecle  Radical and Authoritarian Nationalism in Late 19th-century Europe  The Impact of World War I  The Rise of Italian Fascism, 1919-29  The Growth of Nonfascist Authoritarianism in Southern and Eastern Europe, 1919-29  German National Socialism  The Transformation of Italian Fascism, 1929-39  Four Major Variants of Fascism  The Minor Movements  Fascism outside Europe?  World War II - Climax and Destruction of Fascism  Part 2: Interpretation: Interpretations of Fascism  Generic Fascism  Fascism and Modernization  Elements of a Retrodictive Theory of Fascism  Epilogue - Neofascism - A Fascism in our Future?

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Reviews

'Invaluable ... likely to be the definitive study of its subject for a considerable time ... a model of historical narrative, analysis and interpretation.' - The New York Times